4 Important roles of Reciprocal Teaching – B.Ed Notes

Here we have discussed about the Reciprocal Teaching in detailed. You can download it as a PDF after reading this article.

Reciprocal Teaching – Introduction

Reciprocal teaching is a special way of learning and teaching where both students and teachers work together. It’s like a friendly conversation where everyone learns. In this approach, students take on the role of the teacher for a short while. They lead the class in discussing a text, asking questions, clarifying things, summarizing, and making predictions. Reciprocal teaching is a powerful tool to help students understand what they read. Let’s take a closer look at how it works.

Reciprocal Teaching
Reciprocal Teaching

Understanding Reciprocal Teaching : 4 Vital Roles

Reciprocal teaching involves students working in small groups, typically with a teacher or a designated leader, gathered in a circle or around a table. The group begins by reading a passage or text together. This text can take many forms, such as a story, an article, or a chapter from a book.

Within this group, each student assumes one of four vital roles. These roles are:

  1. Predictor: The predictor attempts to predict what will occur next in the text. This role encourages the group to make educated guesses about the text’s unfolding events.
  2. Clarifier: The clarifier’s task is to help everyone comprehend challenging words or complex portions of the text. They aim to make the text more accessible to the group.
  3. Questioner: The questioner is responsible for posing questions about the text. These questions may relate to portions of the text that are unclear, or they may express curiosity and a desire to delve deeper into the material.
  4. Summarizer: The summarizer is tasked with presenting a concise summary of the text’s main points, effectively distilling the essence of the reading.

How Reciprocal Teaching Operates

  1. Leader’s Role: The teacher or group leader begins by reading the text with the group. This collective reading session serves to ensure that everyone is on the same page, understanding the text.
  2. Predicting: The first student takes on the role of the predictor, sharing their expectations for what will happen next in the text. This helps the group collectively anticipate the text’s direction.
  3. Clarifying: The next student becomes the clarifier, focusing on identifying challenging words or confusing sections of the text. When they encounter such difficulties, they provide explanations to aid the group’s comprehension.
  4. Questioning: The subsequent student takes on the role of the questioner, asking questions about the text. These questions can range from seeking clarification about unclear aspects to expressing curiosity and a desire to explore further.
  5. Summarizing: The final student assumes the role of summarizer. They concisely convey the main ideas of the text, distilling it into a brief summary.
  6. Role Rotation: After completing one cycle, the roles rotate. The predictor becomes the clarifier, the clarifier becomes the questioner, and so on. This rotation ensures that each student gets a chance to perform each role.
  7. Discussion: The group engages in a discussion about the text, utilizing the insights and information gained from the four distinct roles. It’s a shared effort, where everyone contributes their perspectives and understanding.
  8. Learning from One Another: Reciprocal teaching is a collaborative endeavor, with students learning from both their teacher and one another. While the teacher guides the discussion, students play an active role in helping each other understand the text more thoroughly.

Benefits of Reciprocal Teaching

Reciprocal teaching offers several advantages:

  1. Improved Comprehension: It enhances students’ ability to comprehend what they read. Through group discussions and the use of the four roles, students gain a deeper understanding of the text.
  2. Critical Thinking: Reciprocal teaching fosters critical thinking. Students are encouraged to ask questions, make predictions, and clarify uncertainties, which in turn, promotes more profound thinking about the text.
  3. Engagement: This method is engaging and enjoyable. Students actively participate in class, assuming the role of a teacher for a period, which bolsters their sense of significance and engagement.
  4. Communication Skills: Reciprocal teaching enhances communication skills. When students lead discussions, they learn how to express their ideas clearly and listen actively to their peers.
  5. Confidence Building: It boosts students’ confidence. By taking on different roles, they become more self-assured in their reading and communication abilities.


Reciprocal teaching is a simple and effective way to learn and teach. It brings students and teachers together in a collaborative effort to understand a text. By taking on different roles, students become active participants in their own learning process. This approach not only improves their understanding of the material but also encourages critical thinking, communication skills, and confidence. Reciprocal teaching is a valuable tool in education, making learning a more engaging and enjoyable experience.

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